Info: Course Outline (RM)

Syllabus or Course Outline of Microbiology Courses Covered in Accreditation Examination for Registered Microbiologists

Microbial Physiology
Topics:


  1. Introduction
  2. The bacterial cell: cell structures and function
    1. Cellular structures
    2. Chemistry and synthesis
  3. Microbial growth
    1. definition of growth
    2. measurements of growth
    3. growth physiology
    4. steady-state growth/continuous growth
    5. factors affecting growth
  4. Microbial nutrition and solute transport
  5. Bioenergetics in the cytosol
  6. Bacterial metabolism
    1. metabolic pathways
    2. fermentation
    3. photosynthesis
    4. metabolism of lipids, nucleotides, amino acids and hydrocarbons
    5. inorganic metabolism
    6. carbon metabolism


Microbial Ecology

Topics


  1. Introduction
    1. definition
    2. highlights
  2. range of organisms
    1. prokaryotes/eukaryotes
    2. major microbial groups
  3. Methods used for the study of microorganisms in the natural habitats
    1. measurement of microbial diversity
    2. in situ identification methods- FISH
    3. metagenome analysis
    4. novel microscopic methods
    5. use of reporter genes
  4. Microorganisms in their natural environments
    1. litho-ecosphere
    2. hydro-ecosphere
    3. atmo-ecosphere
    4. extreme environment
    5. biofilms
  5. Biological interaction
    1. microbe-microbe interaction
    2. microbe-animal interaction
    3. microbe-plant interaction
  6. Microbial activities of ecological significance
    1. biogeochemical cycles
    2. bioremediation


Food Microbiology

Outline


  1. introduction
    1. what is food microbiology
    2. what food microbiologists do
    3. history of food microbiology
    4. results of microbial activity in foods
    5. types of microorganisms
    6. food categories
  2. food chemistry
    1. proximate analysis of food
    2. intrinsic parameters
    3. extrinsic parameters
  3. fungi (molds) in foods
    1. general description
    2. identification and classification
      1. vegetative growth
      2. asexual spores
      3. sexual spores
    3. importance of fungi
      1. industrial uses
      2. food spoilage
  4. yeast in foods
  5. bacteria in foods
    1. general description
    2. quantification
    3. identification
    4. bacterial groups important in foods
  6. viruses in foods
    1. general characteristics
    2. health hazards
    3. sources
    4. analysis of food for viruses
    5. viral food-borne illnesses
  7. Food spoilage
  8. Preservation of foods
    1. by microbial action
    2. by use of high temperature
    3. by use of low temperature
    4. drying
    5. radiation
    6. by use of chemicals
    7. by modified atmosphere
  9. food-borne intoxication and infection
  10. food safety HACCP


Medical Microbiology

Outline


  1. Introduction
    1. scope of medical microbiology
    2. natural microflora of the human body
    3. diagnostic clinical microbiology
    4. epidemiology and public health
  2. pathogenesis of microbial infections
    1. general stages in disease development
    2. microbial virulence factors/mechanisms
  3. immunology
    1. elements of the immune system
      1. cells involved
      2. non-specific defense mechanisms
      3. adaptive response
  4. immune disorders
    1. hypersensitivity
    2. immunodeficiency
    3. auto-immune disorders
  5. medically important microorganisms- their pathogenesis, epidemiology and control
    1. bacteria
      1. Gram positive
      2. Gram negative
      3. Mycoplasma
    2. Protozoa
      1. Flagellates
      2. Ciliates
      3. Amoeba
      4. Sporozoans
    3. Fungi
      1. Monomorphic fungi
      2. Dimorphic fungi
    4. Viruses
      1. DNA viruses
      2. RNA viruses


Virology

Outline


  1. the science of virology
    1. history
    2. origin of viruses
    3. major groups of viruses
  2. methods in virus research
    1. cultivation
    2. titration
    3. assays of infectivity
    4. purification
    5. characterization
  3. viral structure components and functions
  4. classification and nomenclature
  5. viral growth cycle (viral replication)
  6. bacteriophages
  7. animal viruses
  8. tumor viruses
  9. plant viruses
  10. viruses infecting algae, fungi and protozoa
  11. subviral agents
  12. Pathogenesis and control of viral diseases
  13. Diagnostic virology
  14. Antiviral chemotherapy
  15. viral applications (eg. Vaccine development, vectors in genetic engineering)